Weather extremes are notable from the hot and barren south to the cool hills of the north. A clinical ward with 20 beds was established in 2007 for the treatment of asthma and other respiratory diseases using salt therapy. It is located on the upper Indus plain on the Ravi River. figure.Current population of Punjab province of Pakistan all detail of census. The ancient Hindu Katasraj temple and the Salt Range temples are regaining attention and are in need of repair. The city of Lahore, Pakistan is the capital of the province of Punjab. Mihirakula became a "terrible persecutor" of the Buddhist religion. The Population Welfare Department Punjab is striving to achieve the vision of population stabilization in the largest province of Pakistan through promoting family planning as an entitlement. The Punjab government has prepared a three-stage plan to vaccinate its population of over 110 million against the coronavirus, health officials said. Punjab Literacy Rate 2011 Literacy rate in Punjab has seen upward trend and is 75.84 percent as per 2011 population census. Within Punjab, the British Territory of 99,089 sq. In Jhelum 35 British soldiers of the HM XXIV regiment were killed by the local resistance during the Indian Rebellion of 1857..  Punjab province is bordered by Sindh to the south, the province of Balochistan to the southwest, the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the west, and the Islamabad Capital Territory and Azad Kashmir in the north. It was merged into a single province West Pakistan. In the composition of classical ragas, there are such masters as Malika-i-Mauseequi (Queen of Music) Roshan Ara Begum, Ustad Amanat Ali Khan, Salamat Ali Khan and Ustad Fateh Ali Khan. Average rainfall annual ranges between 96 cm sub-mountain region and 46 cm in the plains. New factories were established in Lahore, Sargodha, Multan, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Wah and Rawalpindi. Ranjit Singh was not without opponents who challenged his authority in the regions he had conquered. However Punjabi, Kohistani, and Hindko are derived from the Prakrit that were spoken in Gandhara and its surrounding areas. It contains several major cities of the country: Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multan and Gujranwala. Population Growth Rate. After the Ghaznavids, Punjab became a part of different Muslim Empires like the Ghurids and later the various Delhi Sultanates which consisted mostly of Turkic peoples, Persians and Afghans as the leading elites in co-operation with some local Punjabi tribes and others. 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census. As a result, most rural areas are dominated by a small set of feudalistic land-owning families. West Punjab was a province of Pakistan from 1947 to 1955. Faisalabad is the third-largest metropolis in Pakistan and a famous industrial city. The literacy rate has increased greatly over the last 40 years (see the table below). Notable activists include Tariq Jatala, Farhad Iqbal, Diep Saeeda, Khalil Ojla, Afzal Sahir, Jamil Ahmad Paul, Mazhar Tirmazi, Mushtaq Sufi, Biya Je, Tohid Ahmad Chattha and Bilal Shaker Kahaloon, Nazeer Kahut, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 18:22. Punjabi romantic dances include Dharees, Dhamaal, Bhangra, Giddha, Dhola, and Sammi. Western Punjab was assimilated into the new country of Pakistan, while East Punjab became a part of modern-day India. In Indian Punjab, Hindus and Sikhs are the majority. Univ, GNDU, Symbiosis), "Rigveda 1.126:7, English translation by Ralph TH Griffith", Advanced Study in the History of Modern India: 1707 – 1813 – Jaswant Lal Mehta – Google Books, The Fall of the Moghul Empire of Hindustan, "Now or Never. literacy ratio by sex. Punjab's Minister of Health, Dr. Yasmin Rashid, announced that the government of Punjab will issue health cards to 45 percent of the population by June. The main activities on these special occasions are confined to congregational prayers and rituals. This would change however in 1752, when Nader Shah's general Ahmad Shah Durrani who was ruler of the Durrani Afghans, defeated Mir Mannu, the last Mughal governor of Punjab. The outcomes The population of the subdistricts (tehsils and talukas) of Pakistan. Punjab health officials said Thursday that the government has prepared a three-stage plan to inoculate the province's population of over 110 million against the coronavirus. The most famous Indo-Greek ruler was Menander (Milinda). On these occasions, devotees assemble in large numbers and pay homage to the memory of the saint. info); lit. ' As such, the population density of the British Territory For the geographical region, see, Achaemenid Persian and Macedonian Greek Empires, Islamic Empires (Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Delhi Sultanate and Mughals), Religious and seasonal fairs and festivals. The other minorities include Ahmadiyya, Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis and Baháʼís. There are only two daily newspapers published in Punjabi in the Central areas of Punjab. Hot weather (April to June) when temperature rises as high as 110 °F (43 °C). In 1998, the female population ratio was 47.9%. In Pakistan, Punjab includes the Punjab province and parts of Azad Kashmir and the Islamabad Capital Territory. It is the nation's only province that touches every other province; it also surrounds the federal enclave of the national capital city at Islamabad. "Mind your language—The movement for the preservation of Punjabi". Today, most Punjab is made up of Dalits, Arains, Ahirs, Gujjars, Jatts, Khatris, Rajputs and Maliks. km) The Provincial Assembly of the Punjab is a unicameral legislature of elected representatives of the province of Punjab, which is located in Lahore in eastern Pakistan.  The list of thinktanks, political organisations, cultural projects, and individuals that demand authorities at the national and provincial level to promote the use of the language in the public and official spheres includes: The population of Punjab (Pakistan) is estimated to be 97.21% Muslim with a Sunni Hanafi majority and Shia Ithna 'ashariyah minority. After Guru Nanak founded Sikhism in the 15th century, the population increasingly became a mix of Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs, as with the contemporary Punjabis. Complete information about Population of every zilla of Pakistan. Akbar established two of his original twelve subahs (imperial top-level provinces) in Punjab: After the death of the last great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, in 1707, Mughal authority significantly weakened but didn't totally vanish despite Nadir Shah's invasion in 1739. The primary cities of Gandhara were Puruṣapura (Peshawar), Takṣaśilā (Taxila), and Pushkalavati (Charsadda). The part of the Punjab now in Pakistan once formed a major region of British Punjab, and was home to a large minority population of Punjabi Hindus and Sikhs up to 1947 apart from the Muslim majority. In the acronym P-A-K-I-S-T-A-N, the P is for Punjab.. , The Indo-Greek Kingdom or Graeco-Indian Kingdom was a Hellenistic kingdom covering most of the Punjab. Gandhara's culture peaked during the reign of the Kushan ruler Kanishka the Great (128–151). , Maharaja Ranjit Singh's death in the summer of 1839 brought political chaos and the subsequent battles of succession and the bloody infighting between the factions at court weakened the state. The population of the provinces, federal territories, districts and agencies. Those living in Southern and Western Punjab are also a lot more dependent on agriculture due to lower levels of industrialisation in those regions. Exhibitions and annual horse shows in all districts and a national horse and cattle show at Lahore are held with the official patronage. In the subsequent centuries, Punjab was invaded and conquered by the Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Delhi Sultanate, Mughals, Durranis and the Sikhs. With Northern and Central Punjab facing much lower levels of poverty than Western and Southern Punjab. , The Third Battle of Panipat took place on 1761, Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas and reversed their gains in the regions of Punjab and Kashmir by re-consolidating control over them.. Its population was estimated to be 30,045,949 in year 2017. All Ministers report to the Chief Minister, who is the Chief Executive. The temple of Jandial, Taxila is usually interpreted as a Zoroastrian fire temple from the period of the Indo-Parthians. The foothills of the Himalayas are found in the extreme north as well, and feature a much cooler and wetter climate, with snowfall common at higher altitudes. By mid-February the temperature begins to rise; springtime weather continues until mid-April, when the summer heat sets in. To address the situation, a new formula resulted in the abolition of the province status for Punjab in 1955. In Pakistani Punjab, non-tribal social distinctions are primarily based on traditional occupations such as blacksmiths or artisans, as opposed to rigid social stratifications. Punjab is Pakistan's second largest province by area after Balochistan with an area of 205,344 square kilometres (79,284 square miles). For the popular taste however, light music, particularly Ghazals and folk songs, which have an appeal of their own, the names of Mehdi Hassan, Ghulam Ali, Nur Jehan, Malika Pukhraj, Farida Khanum, Roshen Ara Begum, and Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan are well-known. District at a glance T T Singh. Pakistan Area and Population Density. There are a few famous hill stations, including Murree, Bhurban, Patriata and Fort Munro. 1 June 2005. The peace process between India and Pakistan, which began in earnest in 2004, has helped pacify the situation. Punjab has also more than 68 thousand industrial units. From about 1813 he began a series of rebellions against the Sikhs which continued throughout his lifetime inflicting defeats on the Sikhs whilst also losing territory to them before being poisoned in 1844. Punjab Development Statistics (2018). Dedicated to Shiva, the temple has, according to Hindu legend, existed since the days of Mahābhārata and the Pandava brothers spent a substantial part of their exile at the site and later Krishna himself laid the foundation of this temple. The Muslim musicians have contributed a large number of ragas to the repository of classical music. Gandhara was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BC. Attaining self-sufficiency in agriculture has shifted the focus of the strategies towards small and medium farming, stress on barani areas, farms-to-market roads, electrification for tube-wells and control of water logging and salinity. The results show that unemployment and population density have a positive impact on crime rate among the districts of Punjab, Pakistan. As such, the population … Punjab has been the cradle of civilisation since time immemorial. Kanishka was a great patron of the Buddhist faith; Buddhism spread to Central Asia and the Far East across Bactria and Sogdia, where his empire met the Han Empire of China. Trade and people-to-people contacts through the Wagah border are now starting to become common. The city of Taxila, founded around 1000 BCE, was reputed to house one of the earliest universities in the world. The rise of Islam also brought many settlers from Kashmir, Arabia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Mongolia into the area. ", This article is about the Pakistani province of Punjab. Male: 0.639 m (49.96%) Female: 0.640 m (50.04%) Total Population (Estimated) 1.280 m (2017 census) The Indus Valley Civilization spanned much of what is today Pakistan and eventually evolved into the Indo-Aryan civilisation. In 1748, the formation of the Dal Khalsa at Amritsar led to the division of the region in 36 areas and 12 separate Sikh principalities. https://logofmaps.wordpress.com/.../maps-of-punjab-pakistan The Maurya Empire ruled the area starting in 305 BCE and for many generations before it was consolidated into the Indo-Greek Kingdom in 180 BCE.  Agriculture flourished and trading cities (such as Multan and Lahore) grew in wealth. The province is home to over half the population of Pakistan, and is the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India.Punjabis are a heterogeneous group comprising different tribes, clans (Urdu: برادری) and communities. The most common instruments used are the tabla and harmonium. The mystic folk songs include the Kafees of Khwaja Farid in Saraiki, Punjabi and the Shalooks by Baba Farid. District at a glance Vehari.  The five rivers, namely Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej, flow via the Panjnad River into the Indus River and eventually into the Arabian Sea.   Punjab features heavily in the Hindu epic poem, the Mahabharata, and is home to Taxila, site of what is considered by many to be the oldest university in the world. The kingdom was founded when the Graeco-Bactrian king Demetrius invaded the subcontinent early in the 2nd century BC. Urdu Waxes, Punjabi Wanes. The city was third in Pakistan behind Karachi ($78 billion) and Lahore ($40 billion). 1998, 2017 census Alexander invested many troops, eventually killing 17,000 Cathians in this battle, and the city of Sagala (present-day Sialkot) was razed to the ground. The province has been strongly influenced by Sufism, with numerous Sufi shrines spread across Punjab which attract millions of devotees annually. It is the second-largest city in Pakistan, after Karachi, and the 18th largest in the world. Of the five great rivers of Punjab, four course through Pakistan's Punjab province. The city of Sirkap founded by Demetrius combines Greek and Indian influences without signs of segregation between the two cultures. From ancient to modern: Religion, power, and community in India hardcover. Hafiz Saeed, chief of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah (JuD) has questioned Pakistan's decision to adopt Urdu as its national language in a country where majority of people speak Punjabi language, citing his interpretation of Islamic doctrine as encouraging education in the mother-tongue. In 1818 Nawab Muzaffar Khan was killed by the Sikhs at the Battle of Multan after putting up stout resistance for many years. Since the 1950s, Punjab industrialised rapidly. 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